This issue of the Magazine F3 focuses on international justice but not only. The multi-billion-dollar funding stream of Illicit trade; civil forfeiture; migration; interfaith dialogue and youth resilience to address violent extremism; the alliances between mafia and terrorists groups; Goal 16 of the UN Post 2030 and many others priority problems are also debated.
The special focus on justice is to reiterate that justice as well as human rights are not artificial values defined by different contexts and cultures. Justice is the litmus test for the well-being of a community and the conduct of its governors. All over the centuries, the most advanced societies were those striving to develop justice systems reflecting values and virtues, political and moral obligations. These were the societies were equal rights, peace and cohesion were central. By contrast, history castes an ignominious shadow on those who built empires funded on violence and inequity. For those, justice was nothing but an instrumental architecture of rules to justify repression and wars. Too many dictators used law to trample human rights, maintain the status quo and impose regimes of terror.
Justice is not relative to whatever ends and objectives but is an independent, objective, non-arbitrary variable. Justice is the only innate human right we have as equal rational agents, and is the right of freely follow our own will so as long as it is compatible with the freedom of everyone else in accordance with a universal law.
Today, we see people disappearing, jailed without a fair trial, abused, deprived of their rights, silenced and forgotten. Today we face risks without frontiers threatening the survival of the human species: from climate change to terrorism and the improper use of new technologies. As global community, we have developed tools such as conventions, courts, and mechanisms to strengthen the rule of law, coordination and mutual assistance. But still, in too many places old paradigms and regressive conceptions of society are impeding a real progress towards universal values and principles.
The Chart of the United Nations, the UN Declaration of Human Rights as well as the International Tribunals are among the most important achievements of the 20th century. Despite the progresses of the present, the atrocities committed in many countries in the name of principles that blatantly violate human rights require international justice to be reinvigorated. Justice cannot be reduced to pragmatic utility, and the global community together with its member states must recognize the need to develop a common cultural model to sustain the universal idea of justice.
Justice is not relative in the global community
Pennies from heaven
The questionable ethics of civil forfeiture
A legal response to today’s reality: economic crimes as crimes against humanity
Illicit trade: the worldwide, multi-billion dollar funding stream
The use and abuse of the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ rhetoric
When Mafia and jihadists team together
The truth in international criminal trials: A chance to write history?
Restoring Dignity and Hope for Refugees
The return of hybrid courts: omen or promise?
Is there a unique perspective to transitional justice?
Drawings from the border
Equality of arms: the continued development of due process rights at courts of international character
Preventing crime and violent extremism by strengthening youth resilience: Implementation of the BOUNCE resilience tools in 10 European cities
On SDG 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions
For further information please visit the F3 Magazine's website: http://f3magazine.unicri.it/